[GSoC] coreboot for ARM64 Qemu – Week #8

As I had discussed in my last blog post, currently I am onto the debug of the qemu boot. I was intending to use Valgrind tools to detect various memory managements bugs and use that information for my debug. But sadly the information provided by Valgrind was not of much use since it didn’t deal with the execution stream of the coreboot code in qemu. I ultimately had to turn to gdb and use it for further debug.

This was an initial hiccup, since, as in my last post, building aarch64-linux-gnu-gdb on MacOSX was not straightforward, since there was no direct replacement for the “gdb-multiarch”. I was able to get this done. I discuss some of the basic steps of how to set it up below.

First, we need a couple to packages to build gdb. They are listed below:

expat guile texinfo

Next, download the aarch64-gdb from here. Now, you need to configure CC to gcc (GNU gcc and not the innate symlink to clang). Then proceed to,

$ ./configure --target=aarch64-linux-gnu
$ make
$ make install

If this completes successfully, you would have aarch64-gdb installed on your system correctly. The important thing to remember is to use GNU gcc (>=4.9) and not the innate MacOS gcc.

To run gdb you must

$ aarch64-linux-gnu-gdb

The output looks like this :

GNU gdb (GDB) 7.9
Copyright (C) 2015 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.  Type "show copying"
and "show warranty" for details.
This GDB was configured as "--host=x86_64-apple-darwin13.3.0 --target=aarch64-linux-gnu".
Type "show configuration" for configuration details.
For bug reporting instructions, please see:
Find the GDB manual and other documentation resources online at:
For help, type "help".
Type "apropos word" to search for commands related to "word".

Now I had gdb working. Then I did started the debug by giving a “-s -S” while invoking qemu. After this, I need to connect to gdb remotely using

(gdb) target remote : 1234

Some of the debug information I received was this :

(gdb) target remote :1234
Remote debugging using :1234
0x0000000000000200 in ?? ()
(gdb) run
The “remote” target does not support “run”.  Try “help target” or “continue”.
(gdb) continue
Program received signal SIGINT, Interrupt.
0x0000000000000200 in ?? ()

On trying single-step execution on gdb, I received :

(gdb) step
Cannot find bounds of current function
An error like this usually seen when we overflow a buffer and corrupt the stack, the proper return address is destroyed. When the debugger tries to figure out which function the address is in, it fails, because the address is not in any of the functions in the program.
On running the simple where on gdb I get [where displays the current line and function and the stack of calls that got you there]
(gdb) where
#0  0x0000000000000200 in ?? ()

After some unscrambling of the source code using information from gdb, we were pointed to some issues under the stage_entry in src/arch/arm64/stage_entry.S. I am onto re-setting those and continuing the debug further now.